Early Colt New Police Serial Number 463 with 4" barrel, factory
inscribed "New York Police" on back strap
- Factory high polish blue finish with fire blue small parts and black
checkered hard rubber grips. Pistol was manufactured in 1896, the
first year of production. Factory letter indicted this
pistol was one of 152, Factory Inscribed "New York Police" engraved on
backstrap, shipped to New York Police Department on July 6, 1896.
An interesting piece of Colt and New York City Police history, this Colt New
Police Revolver in .32 Colt/.32 S&W caliber, 4" barrel with a factory
engraved back strap inscribed "NEW YORK POLICE". In addition to those
markings, the butt is marked “3D PR.” presumably for NYPD Third Precinct.
Serial number is 463 dating the year of manufacture to 1897, the first year
Production. The Colt New Police eventually evolved into the Colt Police
These revolvers were originally ordered by Theodore Roosevelt who served as
New York City Police President of the Board of Commissioners from 1895 to
1897. Roosevelt was a Rough Rider in the Spanish American War who eventually
became President of the United States. In his early years, following the
loss of his wife, he spent several years out West as a rancher and as local
Sheriff of his community. After moving back East, he began a career in
public service during the 1880's and by the mid-1890's Roosevelt had made a
name for himself as a Muckraker on the New York Civil Service Board. He made
it his mission to see that public servants were hired based on their
qualifications instead of who they knew.
As Police Commissioner, Roosevelt embraced the atmosphere of reform. He
seemed determined and completely impervious to corruption. Prior to joining
the NY police force, many officers were hired based on their political
connections and it’s reported that some even bought their way onto the
force. There was no standard issue weapon at that time and officers would
arm themselves with their weapon of choice. Roosevelt began to slowly change
the culture inside the department.
In 1897, Roosevelt ordered 4,500 Colt New Police revolvers and required a
level of marksmanship proficiency with these new Colts. He fought hard to
end corruption on the force by constantly monitoring his men on their beats
and weeding out officers who weren't playing by the rules. It was not
uncommon to find Roosevelt walking NYC streets late at night as he was out
some nights until 3am.
During his brief time in office before becoming the Assistant Secretary of
the Navy, Roosevelt hired 1,600 new officers he based solely on their
qualifications and standardized exam scores. In keeping up with the times,
he even formed a special bicycle unit. While his tenure was brief, his
changes had successfully steered the NYCPD towards the modern day force we
know today. This revolver is a historical link to Roosevelt's early career
as a public servant and reformer and the beginning of the modern day New
York Police Department.
In 1915, the New York Police Department ordered 800
Colt Model 1908 Pocket Hammerless .380 ACP
pistols for its' detectives. These pistols were roll marked on the
right side of the frame above the grip "P.D.N.Y. No. XXX".
Colt New Police serial number 463 factory inscribed "New York Police" on
Marked "3D PR." on butt presumably for New York Police Third
Close-up of "Colt's New Police" logo on left side of frame.
Marked on top of
COLT'S PT. F.A. MFG. CO.
HARTFORD CT. U.S.A.
AUG. 5. 84. NOV. 6. 1888.
Early Colt Police Positive Serial Number 463 with 4" barrel
- right side. Front site is standard early rounded type.
The trigger and rear of the hammer are fire blued.
Left side of barrel marked COLT NEW POLICE 32:
Close-up view of fire blue on rear of hammer.
top of frame and sight groove.
Location of serial number inside frame.
Close-up view of
serial number on crane.